Mount Scopus is a mountain, located in the northeast of Jerusalem. The Mount Scopus Hebrew name means “mountain of spectators” as it is one of the few places from where you can see the Dead Sea and the Dome of the Rock. This is the reason why it has always been considered a place of military interest. Titus, the First Crusade and General Allenby settled here their camps. Currently, about 3,000 soldiers Allenby’s troops continue to monitor the city from their impeccable cemetery.
Unlike East Jerusalem, Mount Scopus was captured by Israel during the War of Independence of Israel in 1948. Here the Hebrew University was founded in 1925, and between 1948 and 1967 was an Israeli enclave in Jordan. After 1967 the University and its hospital were restored, the buildings now dominate the skyline.